theories of shoot apical meristem – Duration: bosons botany 5, views · 8: Why we choke under pressure — and how to avoid it | Sian. The following points highlight the top three theories of shoot apical meristem. The theories are: 1. Apical Cell Theory 2. Histogen Theory 3. Tunica-Corpus. The following points highlight the top three theories of root apical meristem in plants. The theories are: 1. Apical Cell Theory 2. Histogen Theory 3. Korper- Kappe.

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The zones exhibit clear boundary when they originate from separate initials, e. As a result the shoot apex increases in volume. But during differentiation some genes are repressed and others theor activated resulting in the production of different tissues.

This happens due to cell divisions that occur in such a way that a single longitudinal file of cells becomes double files.

The initial cells divide periclinally and the derivatives divide to form the core of the shoot apex.

histogen theory

Dictionary Entries near histogen theory histogenesis histogenetics histogenic histogen theory histogeny histogram histography. Hiztogen investigations reveal that the sub-divisions — dermatogen, periblem and plerome have no universal application due to the following two reasons: Dicotyledons exhibit one to five layers of cells in tunica; two layers of cells are represented by largest number of species.

The initials arise independently and not related to tunica. As a result tunica grows as a sheet but not in thickness.

According to my book, as well as this sitethe Histogen Theory is only used to model the development of the shoot stem apex. In present-day concept all cells in the shoot apex with tunica-corpus organization are fundamentally same and have equal potentiality.


The cells of the second zone are small and more darkly staining than the cells of the first zone. The shoot apices of angiosperm exhibit cytohistological zonation in addition to tunica corpus zonation Fig.

histogen theory – Dictionary of botany

In Greek meaning skin. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you acknowledge that you have read our updated terms of serviceprivacy policy and cookie policyand that your continued use of the website is subject to these policies. It is thought that plasmodesma controls the gene expression that leads to the formation of protoderm, ground meristem and provascular tissue. The central part of root cap is the columella where the cells are arranged in longitudinal files.

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Top 3 Theories of Root Apical Meristem in Plants | Botany

Tunica-corpus theory is noncommittal regarding the ultimate destiny of cell-lineages. The cell divides by an asymmetric division; as a result a narrow and flat cell is formed.

Here’s how it works: The next division of the apical cell is also asymmetric. Start your free trial today and get unlimited access to America’s largest dictionary, with: In the korper the initial cell first divides by transverse partition and forms two cells. These cells seldom divide. The apical initial is tetrahedral in shape and generates root cap from one side. The histogens — dermatogen, periblem and plerome are committal and respectfully give rise to epidermis, cortex and stele.

Apical Cell Theory 2. The root meristem exhibits multicellular structure.

Need even more definitions? We all scream for The peripheral zone is shaped like a truncated hollow cone. The korper-kappe theory of root apex is comparable with tunica-corpus theory of shoot apex. Colchicine has the property to disrupt the spindle microtubules formed during mitosis.


Though histogen theory is abandoned to explain shoot apex, Eames and MacDaniels illustrated the root apical meristem on the basis of histogen concept. Ontogeny of Stoma in Plants Plants. Later extensive investigations refuted the universal occurrence of solitary apical cell in a meristem. Many layered tunica is termed as multistratose. Schmidt distinguishes two tissue zones in the shoot apex and termed them as tunica and corpus.

The derivatives of dermatogen vary.

Tunica is the peripheral tissue zone of shoot apex. This cell divides longitudinally and both the daughter cells inherit the property of cell division. They are orderly arranged in contrast to haphazardly arranged cells in the mass of corpus. In Datura the shoot apices were experimentally induced to develop cytochimera.

Top 3 Theories of Root Apical Meristem in Plants | Botany

In stems LI gives rise to epidermis and the rest forms the cortex and vascular histtogen. As a result the description of meristem becomes precise. It deals with one thing, i. When such division continues it is observed that bistogen single rowed region is left behind over the double-rowed region.

Get Word of the Day daily email! The following points highlight the top three theories of shoot apical meristem. Is the Histogen Theory applicable to only shoot apices as some sources suggestor does it instead, apply to both shoot and root apices?

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