theories of shoot apical meristem – Duration: bosons botany 5, views · 8: Why we choke under pressure — and how to avoid it | Sian. The following points highlight the top three theories of shoot apical meristem. The theories are: 1. Apical Cell Theory 2. Histogen Theory 3. Tunica-Corpus. The following points highlight the top three theories of root apical meristem in plants. The theories are: 1. Apical Cell Theory 2. Histogen Theory 3. Korper- Kappe.

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Nageli in advocated this theory. This region gives rise to vascular cylinder of stem and root including pith.

In present-day concept all cells in the shoot apex with tunica-corpus organization are fundamentally same and have equal potentiality. It is thought that if some how or means the cells of peripheral meristem zone of corpus is transferred to the location of pith-rib meristem, the cells thery produce pith cells. Continuous T-divisions result in the formation of double-rowed region over a single rowed region. As a result the description ihstogen meristem becomes precise.

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In Greek meaning clothing. Araucaria and Ephedra have a single stable surface layer that divides only by anticlinal division. The packet of cells differentiates and forms different segments of shoot.

What is histogen theory ? please explain? | EduRev NEET Question

In multistratose tunica each layer arises from separate initials present in the shoot apex. More thanwords that aren’t in our free dictionary Expanded definitions, etymologies, and usage notes Advanced search features Ad free! Need even more definitions? Anybody can ask a question Anybody can answer The best answers are voted up and rise to the top.

However, I can’t find any authoritative source on this matter online. Such chimera in a plant body exhibits layers with different chromosome numbers. Apical Cell Theory 2. Tunica-corpus organization of shoot apical meristem is observed in angiosperm only.

In the division of derivative cells there is no definite orientation of cell wall formation, i. Thus they exhibit tunica-corpus pattern. The central apical zone consists of one or few initial cells that are larger and contain large nuclei and vacuoles than the cells of the second zone. Monocotyledons have one to four layers of cells in tunica; one and two layered tunica predominates in it. The zones are illustrated by Popham in the usual angiosperm type.

After the discovery of solitary apical cell in vascular cryptogams, it was supposed that such apical meristem might exist in higher plants as well. The apical cell is tetrahedral in shape and has three or four cutting faces among which single face is directed upward and the rest points downward.


Later investigations reveal that the sub-divisions — dermatogen, periblem and plerome have no universal application due to the following two reasons: Anybody can ask a question Anybody can answer The best answers are voted up and rise to the top.

The main function of tunica is to give rise epidermis. It is the outermost layer of the meristem.

Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Biology Stack Exchange works best hisfogen JavaScript enabled. This theory is concerned with planes of cell jistogen in the apex. How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts.

In this type the meristem is composed of tunica and corpus. The apical initial is tetrahedral in shape and generates root cap from one side. The component cells of tunica and corpus differ in size, shape, plane of cell division and topography.

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