Army Alpha Examination; U.S. Army Alpha Intelligence Test The Army Alpha [5] was developed shortly after the United States entered World War I by an. Army Alpha and Army Beta intelligence testing were crucial in assessing and classifying individual soldiers during World War I. This testing. The correlation of Army Alpha with academic marks in high schools and military academies yields an appreciably higher correlation for the latter group.

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Army Alpha

The examples in the text ttest taken from the Alpha test, p. The eight subtests of the original Alpha have been retained. Army officers had their own ideas about intelligence, about what it meant and what its value was.

The first essential step is the segregation of illiterates. Second, differences between Army Alpha and Thorndike’s version of Army a can be traced to changes in the goals for the testing program itself.

Thorndike had long believed in the composite, heterogeneous character of intelligence, and thus he argued that each intekegence demanded its own measure of mental ability. The illiterates are sent directly to the Army Beta room. Men who fail in the alpha were sent to the Army Beta in order that injustice by reason of relative unfamiliarity with English may be avoided. Exact data on the size of the army both just before the outbreak of the war and by November can be found in U.

On November 11,the psychological personnel consisted of about officers and enlisted men.

Army Alpha, Army Brass, and the Search for Army Intelligence | John Carson –

Three factors stand out as crucial to explaining why Yoakum’s committee devel- oped such a different vision for Army Alpha. Irvington,pp. Second, the granting of authority to a particular unit of knowledge—be it a concept, an instrument, or a technique—oc- curred only after complex evaluations took place assessing validity, relevance, and costs vis-a-vis the needs of its targeted public, and here the outcome was determined by particular and local distributions of social, economic, and epistemic power.


Yerkes and Yoakum wrote, “When psychological examining was originally accepted by the Medical Department for Official trial, there was extreme and widely prevalent skepticism even among psychologists themselves concerning the reliability of the measurements of intelligence which could be secured and still more concerning their practical value to the Army”. While Yerkes was able to convince the army’s top echelon to institute the testing program, his success in demonstrating to rank-and-file officers and to the high command their continued need for such a pro- gram was much more equivocal.

The techniques developed by the psychologists would have had little place within, and indeed would have been given little hearing by, the army if that institution had remained at its intimate prewar level. Yerkes,” penciled date of 30 Maybut which may refer to a meeting mentioned in Yerkes’s War Diary as taking place on 1 May; all in file: However, recent works on the role of au- dience in the production of scientific knowledge, like those of John Law and R.

Indeed, there was a constant tension between the testers’ desire to collect useful scientific information and their desire to be “practical. Below average intelligence, but usually good privates and satisfactory in work of a routine alphaa. A Newspaper reporter would most probably attain a higher grade than a civil engineer.

Revising the Test

Life in Schools Chapter 3: Even though, as ofthe efficiency report form asked for an assessment of “intelligence and judgment shown in instructing, drilling, and handling men,” this was not taken as an opportunity apha remark on the officer’s intelligence in general, and indeed seems always to have been read as asking how well the officer handled enlisted men.


Authentic Literacy Pedagogy Chapter 5: Third, as a consequence of the vast scale of the recruitment, and especially the draft, a much wider variety of Americans inteleyence the military than at any time since the Civil War. Army nitelegence lations concerning recruit eligibility, for example, were based solely on the following criteria: A portion of the Alpha test is shown in the image on the right “test 8”. After receiving a tentative expression of interest from Army Sur- geon General Gorgas on 1 May —an interest not matched by Navy Surgeon General Braisted—Yerkes sought funding to develop the new measuring instruments his plan envisioned.

This third plan codified the procedures that had been developed and the experience that had been gained during the trials of Army a and scaled them up for army-wide deployment. Did the psychological ratings match those made by experienced officers?

The most intelligent clerk can not compete in the gentle art of murder with a two- handed athlete whose ambition does not rise intelebence the rank of sergeant.

Yerkes, Army Mental Tests: These were given to selected groups and the results compared with the criteria laid down. Wells, and Guy M.

The scoring is easier, the responses being digits or a plus or minus placed in parentheses to the left of each item. Government Printing Office,

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