Northrop Fryes Theory of Archetypes Compiled by Dilip Barad Dept. of English, M.K. Bh. It was not until the work of the Canadian literary critic Northrop Frye that archetypal criticism was theorized in purely literary terms. The major. “The Archetypes of Literature” by Northrop Frye – Free download as PDF File .pdf ), Text File .txt) or read online for free. Northrop Frye. The Kenyon Review, Vol.

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Archetypal literary criticism

Similarly literary criticism analyses and interprets literature. For the realm of vegetation, the comedic is, again, pastoral but also represented by gardens, parks, roses and lotuses.

This is an excellent article. This kind of rhythm is there in the world of animals and in the human world also. Concave images ponds, flowers, cups, vases, hollows: In his analysis, a literary critic considers God as an archetype of man who is portrayed as a hero in a work.

Posted by Chitaranjan Kazhungil at 5: His views were not connected to anthropology and psychoanalysis as were those of Frazer and Jung.

Autumn is the dying stage of the seasonal calendar, which parallels the tragedy genre because it is, above all, known for the “fall” or demise of the protagonist. Archetypal criticism focuses on such things in a work. This situation continued till Structuralism and Semiotics came into force as the major modes of criticism. Such myths are the archetypes of tragedy and archetypss.

The archetypes of literature – Northrop Frye – UGC NET English

Here the archetypes of images are symposium, communion, order, friendship, and love. While the sphere of water is present in the form of rivers in comedic, it appears as floods, seas, etc. In contrast, the tragic human world is of isolation, tyranny, and the fallen hero. He has also identified a connection between various seasons and the different literary genres.


Archetypal criticism was archteypes its most popular in the s and s, largely due to the work of Canadian literary critic Northrop Frye. Rhythm is an essential characteristic of music and in painting, pattern is the chief virtue.

All he states is that the archetypes make the concepts of the universe better understandable for the human beings.

The central pattern of the comic vision and the tragic vision in a myth is detailed below: The Jungian archetypal approach treats literary texts as an avenue in which primordial images are represented. He should maintain absolute objectivity.

Archetypal literatrue to a text has contributed to the establishment of a systematic and comprehensive concept of literary archetpyes. Animals are gentle and pastoral in comedic while predatory in tragic. Physics is a branch of science, which explores matter and natural forces of the universe. The mating of animals and birds rhythmically takes place in a particular season every year and the mating may be called a ritual.

A Study of William Blake in The example he cites are islands such as Circe ‘s northropp Prospero ‘s which cannot be categorized under the tragic or comedic.

That process is the return of the ego to the unconscious—a kind of temporary death of the ego—and its re-emergence, or rebirth, from the unconscious” Segal 4. Apart from him, the other prominent practitioners of various modes of archetypal criticism were G.

Though he is dismissive of Frazer, Frye uses the seasons in his archetypal schema. In human life there is a cycle of waking and dreaming and in nature also, it could be seen and it is the cycle of light and darkness.

Archetypal literary criticism – Wikipedia

A few commonly used examples of metonymy are: In this literary universe, four radical mythoi i. The Four Phases of the Myth Every myth has a central significance and the narrative in a myth centres on a figure that may be a god or demi-god or superhuman onrthrop or legend.


But in fact arguments about generic blends such as tragicomedy go back to the Renaissanceand Frye always conceived of genres as fluid.

There are myths dealing with the triumph of these powers. Share your views of Criticism as an organised body of knowledge. In archetypal criticism, under the reductive method of ljterature, a critic, while elucidating a text, moves from the particular truth to the general truth. Briefly explain deductive method with reference to an analogy to Music, Painting, rhythm and pattern. For instance, he associates comedy to the season of spring, tragedy to autumn, satire with winter and romance to summer.

Comedy is aligned with spring because the genre of comedy is characterized by the birth of the hero, revival and resurrection. Syntactics is the branch of semiotics that deals with the formal properties of signs and symbols. Maud Bodkin wrote Archetypal Patterns in Poetry inapplying the ideas of Jung to poetry, and examining archetypes such as the ancient mariner and rebirth, heaven and hell, images of the devil, the hero and God. Archehypes does not deal with any actuality, but with what is conceivable and possible.

He also understands that there are some neutral archetypes as well which could not be identified as clearly to either of the tragic and the comedic. As for Jung, Frye was uninterested about the collective unconscious on the grounds of feeling it was unnecessary:

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