ANDREAS SCHEDLER DEMOCRATIC CONSOLIDATION PDF
Students of political democratization have employed the notion of “democratic consolidation” in unclear and inconsistent ways. The article reconstructs and. Much of the literature on ‘democratic consolidation’ has adopted a forward‐ looking, future‐oriented perspective. Rather than studying past regimes, it tries to . Andreas Schedler, who is currently attached to the Facultad Latinoamericana de possibly most, students of democratic consolidation are studying today’s.
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Schedler and Munck and Verkuilen discuss issues related to the conceptualization of democracy and the measurement of consolidation. Consolidation of new democracies requires strong political institutions, horizontal as well as vertical accountability, the rule of law, a vibrant civil society, and improved economic performance, which all generate legitimacy for the regime. Linz and Stepan offer an intuitive definition of consolidation—a democracy is consolidated when no political actors seek to overthrow it.
The Sources of Democratic Consolidation. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless. Sign in via your Institution.
For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative click here. This article concludes with an overview of literature on deconsolidation, which challenges the notion that democratic consolidation is irreversible.
Project MUSE – What is Democratic Consolidation?
Schmitter and Karl echoes this view and further stresses that consolidated democracies will not be able, nor should be expected, to solve all sociopolitical problems. The meaning that we ascribe to the notion of democratic consolidation depends on where we stand our empirical viewpoints and where we aim to reach our normative horizons.
If consolidation is complete when a democracy is likely to endure, then observable measures of endurance are needed. On the other hand, equating consolidation with endurance may strike some scholars and students as a descriptive tautology; consolidated democracies are those that survive, and surviving democracies are those that are consolidated.
Although Diamond rejects theories that privilege preconditions the success of consolidation, he also suggests that consolidation may take many different paths.
Consolidation requires the existence of a functional state and presence of five reinforcing arenas: Contact Contact Us Help. Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation: This article focuses on the institutional, economic, social, and international causes of democratic consolidation as distinct from democratization. Paradoxically, however, long-lasting schedlwr do not seem to be immune from a degradation in the quality of their democracy.
Schedler suggests that behavioral evidence is superior to attitudinal and economic evidence because it is more proximate to the phenomenon of interest: This leads schrdler author to a somewhat self-evident conclusion that democracies endure when political actors behave democratically.
Viewpoints and Horizons
Related Articles about About Related Articles close popup. Ithaca, NY, and London: Introduction A democracy becomes consolidated—that is, it is expected to endure—when political actors accept schdeler legitimacy of democracy and no actor seeks to act outside democratic institutions for both normative and self-interested reasons. At dsmocratic point, with people using the concept any way they like, nobody can be sure what it means to others, but all maintain the illusion of speaking to one another in some comprehensible way.
Moving away from arguments about preconditions, Alexander presents a theory of consolidation based on the strategic choices of political elites.
Don’t have an account? He supports this conclusion with evidence of crisis management in Latin America. Project MUSE promotes the creation scheder dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide.
Time is an especially important component of many empirical works that seek to explain regime endurance. These imperfect democracies can endure despite the lack of a close fit between formal rules and political behavior. Just as many different types of authoritarian regimes and paths of transition exist, so do many roads to consolidation.
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Democratic Consolidation – Political Science – Oxford Bibliographies
Two other subtypes of democracy have gained wide recognition in the scholarly literature andrexs new democracies. Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions. Although he acknowledges that individual choices are conditioned by context-specific issues, Alexander makes the argument that elites must choose democracy and often do so for self-interested reasons. Instead, the authors suggest that consolidation is a process of stabilization, routinization, and institutionalization of patterns of political behavior.
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Others argue that consolidation is the result of deliberate choices made by anreas actors. It varies according to the contexts and the goals we have in mind. Instead, he suggests that if consolidation is determined by whether a democracy will endure, then typologies of polyarchy must include informally institutionalized democracies—those in which actors act for particularistic rather than universalistic reasons.
General Overviews Just as many different types of authoritarian regimes and paths of transition exist, so do many roads to consolidation. On one the hand, when democracy becomes routinized, institutionalized, and normalized, acting outside or in violation of democratic norms is both unappealing and disadvantageous for politicians and other political actors.